CHALLENGES AND NEXT STEPS
The NDC Partnership is making strong progress through the collective efforts of its developing and developed country Members, Institutional and Associate Members, and Implementing Partners. Together, we are building the potential to deliver truly transformative action in the key areas covered in this report. Time, however, is against us.
Current country climate commitments under the Paris Agreement collectively fall well short of the GHG emission reductions needed to meet the temperature goal of 1.5-2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. And, as the IPCC recently disclosed, the international community has barely more than a decade to avoid the most damaging climate scenarios.
Specifically, global emissions which totaled roughly 52 GtCO2e in 2016 need to be cut by around 50 percent by 2030 to limit warming to 1.5˚C (see graphic). While such a feat is still technically feasible, it would require profound shifts in behavior and technologies in sectors ranging from energy and transport to land use, food production, and industry in the next 12 years.
Such shifts will be possible only with governments, inter-governmental institutions, the private sector, and civil society working together as never before. While the Partnership’s Members are leading the way in building these new kinds of cooperation, there remains much to do.
THE CHALLENGES AHEAD
Against this backdrop, the biggest challenges facing Partnership Member countries are to deliver climate mainstreaming and mobilize adequate finance at the speed and scale required to meet their current NDCs and enhance them by 2020.
Turning NDCs into levers that drive core development processes across the whole-of-government-and-society is a tall order and remains a work in progress for many countries. In particular, getting the full commitment and support of key finance and development planning ministries is a major hurdle for many Members. Governments have work ahead to take advantage of the synergies between climate and development strategies and avoid duplication. Some need considerable capacity building support to be able to build the policy, legal, and institutional foundations for mainstreaming climate action. Countries are urgently seeking stepped-up support from Development Partners as they transition from planning to implementing climate action.
Meanwhile, progress on generating domestic, international, and private sector finance to deliver countries’ climate plans falls far short of the speed and scale required. While developed countries committed in Paris to mobilize US $100 billion in climate finance per year by 2020, this total—if it is reached—will not be enough. The Partnership has begun connecting bilateral and multilateral Development Partners to projects, but the pace must pick up swiftly if governments are to transform their economies in the required timeframe. Meanwhile, countries’ efforts to mobilize private finance are at a very early stage, and their success is critical to scaling up action.
NEXT STEPS FOR THE NDC PARTNERSHIP
The NDC Partnership’s work is above all about supporting countries in taking a whole-of-society approach to driving climate and sustainable development together. Partnership Plans are proving a key driver in this process and we will continue to encourage and refine this approach as we step up engagement across a growing number of countries. To scale what’s working on the ground, the Partnership will share lessons learned through our expanded Knowledge Portal, peer-to-peer learning opportunities, and other outreach.
ANNE HEYMAN SOLAR FIELD, RWANDA